Jump to content

Redhat Enterprise / CentOS additional programs


Recommended Posts

Hi everyone,

 

Hope this is not a repeat... but I have not seen too many posts about CentOS, which currently is my linux of choice.

 

I wanted to post to explain how to add additional "yum repositories" so that you can get additional software installed that would not necessarily be included with your OS. This is especially important for RHES or CentOS since they take the minimalist approach with many things, as only the core functionality programs and applications are built in.

 

I use CentOS which is the "Community Enterprise OS" that is basically the latest version of Redhat Enterprise linux, but you don't have to buy it. They rebrand to take out all the redhat stuff, but it's just as compatible as RHEL and usually a little closer to cutting-edge than redhat (iirc, RedHat Enterprise Linux 4 maint release 2 just went to the 2.6 kernel! Talk about behind the times!!)

 

My problem was that I was used to how my previous OS of choice (back then it was Mandrake 9.1, which I can credit with increasing my knowledge and interest in linux over the years) but when I moved up to a more-current OS like CentOS, some of the applications that I grew to love and use every day were just plainly not present. This almost caused me to go back to mid-evil times and revert to Mdk91, but I was determined to find out another way.

 

In comes YUM. Yum is a revolutionary tool that simplifies the age-old problem with RPM-based redhat-derived distros. Back in the old day, if you wanted to install an RPM, lets say xmms, you would find it online or on the distro cd's, then run something like "rpm -Uvh xmms-version.rpm" ... but rpm was so stupid, it then would snap back at you and complain that you didn't realize that you also needed to install certain other required multimedia programs that xmms depends on. Well my friends, yum solves this issue. Yum is similar to apt-get, and freebsd's "ports" collection in that it figures out what dependancies are required, and also installs them automatically after asking you first. It greatly simplifies the process of getting more software onto your machine if your distro doesn't have it "out of the box".

 

Anyways... I searched around the net and found the "dag" repository of third party apps.

** Keep in mind, if you install these apps on an enterprise-grade server, you will potentially open up the possibility to make this machine less secure. This is why Redhat/Cent does not include these apps, so be careful! **

 

Here's the steps I followed:

1. Import the GPG authenticity key into your machine's local repository. This will ensure that if anyone tampered with the packages after they were posted on the third-party website, that would mean that the checksum (gpg key) would fail, thus forcing the rpm to NOT INSTALL on your machine and saving you from potential problems!.

sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

2. Add the following to /etc/yum.conf, at the bottom where it says "# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE "

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d

[dag]
# be sure to import RPM GPG key first!
#  sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt
name=Dag RPM Repository for CentOS
baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el$releasever/en/$basearch/dag
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1

3. Run "sudo yum update" to get the latest repository database onto your machine.

 

Now is the easy part. You can search for apps that you want to selectively install! For example, I love the x-windows system monitor called "gkrellm". Here's a screenshot of what you can do with gkrellm: gkrellm.png

 

Pretty cool, eh?

 

Ok then... all you do is the following:

 

1. Search for a partial text match of your app that you want to install:

# yum search gkrellm |more
Searching Packages:
Setting up repositories
Reading repository metadata in from local files


gkrellm-daemon.i386					  2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf	   dag
Matched from:
gkrellm-daemon
This contains only the gkrellm daemon, which you can install on its own on
machines you intend to monitor with gkrellm from a different location.
http://www.gkrellm.net/

gkrellm-wireless.i386					2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf	   dag
Matched from:
gkrellm-wireless
http://www.gkrellm.net/

gkrellm.i386							 2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf	   dag
Matched from:
gkrellm
GKrellM charts SMP CPU, load, Disk, and all active net interfaces
automatically. An on/off button and online timer for the PPP interface
is provided. Monitors for memory and swap usage, file system, internet
connections, APM laptop battery, mbox style mailboxes, and cpu temps.
Also includes an uptime monitor, a hostname label, and a clock/calendar.
http://www.gkrellm.net/

#

 

Then to install, just run this:

 

sudo yum install gkrellm
Setting up Install Process
Setting up repositories
dag					   100% |=========================| 1.1 kB	00:00
dell-software			 100% |=========================|  951 B	00:00
update					100% |=========================|  951 B	00:00
base					  100% |=========================| 1.1 kB	00:00
addons					100% |=========================|  951 B	00:00
extras					100% |=========================| 1.1 kB	00:00
Reading repository metadata in from local files
primary.xml.gz			100% |=========================| 1.5 MB	00:06
dag	   : ################################################## 4377/4377
Added 10 new packages, deleted 0 old in 5.76 seconds
primary.xml.gz			100% |=========================|  22 kB	00:00
dell-softw: ################################################## 91/91
Added 26 new packages, deleted 26 old in 0.13 seconds
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Downloading header for gkrellm to pack into transaction set.
gkrellm-2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf. 100% |=========================|  12 kB	00:00
---> Package gkrellm.i386 0:2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf set to be updated
--> Running transaction check

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================
Package				 Arch	   Version		  Repository		Size
=============================================================================
Installing:
gkrellm				 i386	   2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf  dag			   718 k

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================
Install	  1 Package(s)
Update	   0 Package(s)
Remove	   0 Package(s)
Total download size: 718 k
Is this ok [y/N]:

from here, verify it looks okay... sometimes packages have dependancies that yum would figure out that you would need to also download (automatic) and they would also appear in the above list.

Just answer Yes if you're ready to install...

Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/1): gkrellm-2.2.4-0.2. 100% |=========================| 718 kB	00:07
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
 Installing: gkrellm					  ######################### [1/1]

Installed: gkrellm.i386 0:2.2.4-0.2.el4.rf
Complete!

 

Similarly, if you also wanted to install the gkrellm-wireless from the list above, you could run yum again to install that program and it would download and install that 'extension' to gkrellm for you as well.

 

I personally used YUM with the method above to install some of my favorite apps to my CentOS distro, which include but are not limited to... gkrellm, vim-X11, pine (call me oldskool), xmms, xmms-skins, snort, lbreakout2, and a few others I can't remember right now. The best part is that if you use the "yum search *searchstring*" command, you can see the available packages that yum knows how to get and download all automatically for you!

 

The best part about yum, is lets say that gkrellm is great and all, but some hacker finds a bug and exploits it and you feel vulnerable. Well, just a simple "yum update" after you had installed a while back these additional programs, and any new releases (for example, the bugfix release of gkrellm could be gkrellm-2.2.4-0.3 from the above example) will automatically get upgraded and patched, with no recompiling or any dirty work on your end. That's what I love best. I run yum update once a month usually to keep all my software up-to-date.

 

Hope this tutorial was useful to some of you. My goal on here is to both share my knowledge to others, as well as learn a few tips-and-tricks along the way as well!!

 

--zepcom

Link to post
Share on other sites
Hope this tutorial was useful to some of you. My goal on here is to both share my knowledge to others, as well as learn a few tips-and-tricks along the way as well!!

 

Good tutorial.. although this is CentOS based it can easily apply to any of the YUM based distros (FC has dag repos too).

 

Thanks for the input .. :)

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • 1 year later...

i have installe rhel5 client version....i did everything as u had said....but still i m facing the problem in yum........

I m providing the following info those could be helpful::

 

1. uname -a

Linux localhost.localdomain 2.6.18-53.el5 #1 SMP Wed Oct 10 16:34:02 EDT 2007 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux

 

2. /etc/yum.conf says::

 

cachedir=/var/cache/yum

keepcache=0

debuglevel=2

logfile=/var/log/yum.log

pkgpolicy=newest

distroverpkg=redhat-release

tolerant=1

exactarch=1

obsoletes=1

gpgcheck=1

plugins=1

metadata_expire=1800

 

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo

# in /etc/yum.repos.d

[dag]

# be sure to import RPM GPG key first!

# sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

name=Dag RPM Repository

baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/$basearch/dag

gpgcheck=1

enabled=1

 

 

3. /etc/yum.repos.d/ has only

rhel-debuginfo.repo which says::

 

[rhel-debuginfo]

name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch - Debug

baseurl=ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/enterprise/$releasever/en/os/$basearch/Debuginfo/

enabled=0

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release

 

4.. I am using the http proxy

So before using yum i alwasys type the following :

 

http_proxy = http://<userid>:<pswd>@<ip address>:<port>

export http_proxy

 

5. ERRORS I GOT::

a> [root@localhost sunilp]# sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

error: http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt: import read failed(-1).

 

b> [root@localhost sunilp]# yum -y install amsn

Loading "installonlyn" plugin

Loading "security" plugin

Loading "rhnplugin" plugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

Setting up Install Process

Setting up repositories

dag 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

Reading repository metadata in from local files

primary.xml.gz 100% |=========================| 709 kB 02:26

http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/dag/re...primary.xml.gz: [Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum

Trying other mirror.

Error: failure: repodata/primary.xml.gz from dag: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.

 

 

 

 

 

So please help me out....

Link to post
Share on other sites

i have installe rhel5 client version....i did everything as u had said....but still i m facing the problem in yum........

I m providing the following info those could be helpful::

 

1. uname -a

Linux localhost.localdomain 2.6.18-53.el5 #1 SMP Wed Oct 10 16:34:02 EDT 2007 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux

 

2. /etc/yum.conf says::

 

cachedir=/var/cache/yum

keepcache=0

debuglevel=2

logfile=/var/log/yum.log

pkgpolicy=newest

distroverpkg=redhat-release

tolerant=1

exactarch=1

obsoletes=1

gpgcheck=1

plugins=1

metadata_expire=1800

 

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo

# in /etc/yum.repos.d

[dag]

# be sure to import RPM GPG key first!

# sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

name=Dag RPM Repository

baseurl=http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/$basearch/dag

gpgcheck=1

enabled=1

 

 

3. /etc/yum.repos.d/ has only

rhel-debuginfo.repo which says::

 

[rhel-debuginfo]

name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch - Debug

baseurl=ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/enterprise/$releasever/en/os/$basearch/Debuginfo/

enabled=0

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release

 

4.. I am using the http proxy

So before using yum i alwasys type the following :

 

http_proxy = http://<userid>:<pswd>@<ip address>:<port>

export http_proxy

 

5. ERRORS I GOT::

a> [root@localhost sunilp]# sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

error: http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt: import read failed(-1).

 

b> [root@localhost sunilp]# yum -y install amsn

Loading "installonlyn" plugin

Loading "security" plugin

Loading "rhnplugin" plugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

Setting up Install Process

Setting up repositories

dag 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

Reading repository metadata in from local files

primary.xml.gz 100% |=========================| 709 kB 02:26

http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/dag/re...primary.xml.gz: [Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum

Trying other mirror.

Error: failure: repodata/primary.xml.gz from dag: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.

 

 

 

 

 

So please help me out....

Link to post
Share on other sites
i have installe rhel5 client version....i did everything as u had said....but still i m facing the problem in yum........

I m providing the following info those could be helpful::

 

<snip>

 

5. ERRORS I GOT::

a> [root@localhost sunilp]# sudo rpm --import http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt

error: http://dag.wieers.com/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt: import read failed(-1).

 

b> [root@localhost sunilp]# yum -y install amsn

Loading "installonlyn" plugin

Loading "security" plugin

Loading "rhnplugin" plugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

Setting up Install Process

Setting up repositories

dag 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

Reading repository metadata in from local files

primary.xml.gz 100% |=========================| 709 kB 02:26

http://apt.sw.be/redhat/el5/en/i386/dag/re...primary.xml.gz: [Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum

Trying other mirror.

Error: failure: repodata/primary.xml.gz from dag: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.

 

 

So please help me out....

 

I too have had this problem, I suspect it is something different in the format of the DAG Wieers RPM site as it relates to CentOS 5.

 

I have several CentOS 4.xx machines and my how-to still works perfectly for them.

 

I agree that it seems 'broken' on CentOS 5 and RHEL 5 based machines.

 

I've even tried downloading the RPM-GPG-KEY.txt with wget and then doing "sudo rpm --import /root/RPM-GPG-KEY.txt" and still get the same metadata errors as you quoted.

 

In other words, I'm working on finding a solution. Perhaps there are other RPM repositories out there that will work better with CentOS 5 / RHEL 5.

 

Sorry I couldn't be of more help, :( but I'm still working on a solution for ya! B)

 

Regards,

 

ZEPCOM

Link to post
Share on other sites

hi...

i m able to sove the problem of yum in rhel5 by using EPEL....

first of all download the epel

1. Now in /etc/yum.repos.d i have ::

epel.repo epel-testing.repo rhel-debuginfo.repo

 

2. /etc/yum.conf says::

[main]

cachedir=/var/cache/yum

keepcache=0

debuglevel=2

logfile=/var/log/yum.log

pkgpolicy=newest

distroverpkg=redhat-release

tolerant=1

exactarch=1

obsoletes=1

gpgcheck=1

plugins=1

metadata_expire=1800

 

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo

# in /etc/yum.repos.d

[core]

name=base

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=5&arch=i386&repo=os

 

[update]

name=updates

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=5&arch=i386&repo=updates

 

[groups]

name=groups

baseurl=http://buildsys.fedoraproject.org/buildgroups/rhel5/i386/

 

[extras]

name=epel

mirrorlist=http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/mirrorlist?repo=epel-5&arch=i386

 

[local]

name=local

baseurl=http://buildsys.fedoraproject.org/plague-results/fedora-5-epel/

 

 

 

3. now the yum is ready .....u can install the package

 

[root@localhost sunilp]# yum -y install wine

Loading "installonlyn" plugin

Loading "security" plugin

Loading "rhnplugin" plugin

This system is not registered with RHN.

RHN support will be disabled.

Setting up Install Process

Setting up repositories

epel 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

core 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

ftp://ftp.oss.eznetsols.org/linux/centos/...ata/repomd.xml: [Errno 4] IOError: [Errno ftp error] timed out

Trying other mirror.

update 100% |=========================| 951 B 00:00

extras 100% |=========================| 1.1 kB 00:00

groups 100% |=========================| 951 B 00:00

local 100% |=========================| 951 B 00:00

Reading repository metadata in from local files

Parsing package install arguments

Resolving Dependencies

--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.

---> Downloading header for wine to pack into transaction set.

wine-0.9.57-1.el5.i386.rp 100% |=========================| 18 kB 00:03

---> Package wine.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

--> Running transaction check

--> Processing Dependency: wine-nas = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-capi = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-twain = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-tools = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-esd = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-cms = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-core = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-ldap = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Processing Dependency: wine-jack = 0.9.57-1.el5 for package: wine

--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.

--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.

---> Downloading header for wine-twain to pack into transaction set.

wine-twain-0.9.57-1.el5.i 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:31

---> Package wine-twain.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-cms to pack into transaction set.

wine-cms-0.9.57-1.el5.i38 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:02

---> Package wine-cms.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-core to pack into transaction set.

wine-core-0.9.57-1.el5.i3 100% |=========================| 80 kB 00:24

---> Package wine-core.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-ldap to pack into transaction set.

wine-ldap-0.9.57-1.el5.i3 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:15

---> Package wine-ldap.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-jack to pack into transaction set.

wine-jack-0.9.57-1.el5.i3 100% |=========================| 0 B 00:58

http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/ep...1.el5.i386.rpm: [Errno 4] Socket Error: timed out

Trying other mirror.

wine-jack-0.9.57-1.el5.i3 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:02

---> Package wine-jack.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-nas to pack into transaction set.

wine-nas-0.9.57-1.el5.i38 100% |=========================| 18 kB 00:04

---> Package wine-nas.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-capi to pack into transaction set.

wine-capi-0.9.57-1.el5.i3 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:01

---> Package wine-capi.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-tools to pack into transaction set.

http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/fedora/epel/5/i3...1.el5.i386.rpm: [Errno 12] Timeout: <urlopen error timed out>

Trying other mirror.

wine-tools-0.9.57-1.el5.i 100% |=========================| 22 kB 00:12

---> Package wine-tools.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

---> Downloading header for wine-esd to pack into transaction set.

wine-esd-0.9.57-1.el5.i38 100% |=========================| 0 B 00:36

http://spreader.yandex.net/epel/5/i386/win...1.el5.i386.rpm: [Errno 4] Socket Error: timed out

Trying other mirror.

wine-esd-0.9.57-1.el5.i38 100% |=========================| 8.0 kB 00:31

http://ftp.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp/pub/linux/f...1.el5.i386.rpm: [Errno 4] Socket Error: timed out

Trying other mirror.

wine-esd-0.9.57-1.el5.i38 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:08

---> Package wine-esd.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 set to be updated

--> Running transaction check

 

Dependencies Resolved

 

=============================================================================

Package Arch Version Repository Size

=============================================================================

Installing:

wine i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 19 k

Installing for dependencies:

wine-capi i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 25 k

wine-cms i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 40 k

wine-core i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 11 M

wine-esd i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 35 k

wine-jack i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 37 k

wine-ldap i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 87 k

wine-nas i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 23 k

wine-tools i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 642 k

wine-twain i386 0.9.57-1.el5 epel 48 k

 

Transaction Summary

=============================================================================

Install 10 Package(s)

Update 0 Package(s)

Remove 0 Package(s)

 

Total download size: 12 M

Downloading Packages:

(1/10): wine-twain-0.9.57 100% |=========================| 48 kB 00:07

(2/10): wine-0.9.57-1.el5 100% |=========================| 19 kB 00:11

(3/10): wine-cms-0.9.57-1 100% |=========================| 40 kB 00:04

(4/10): wine-core-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 3.7 MB 19:38

http://allotter.yandex.net/epel/5/i386/win...1.el5.i386.rpm: [Errno 4] Socket Error: timed out

Trying other mirror.

(4/10): wine-core-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 11 MB 15:09

(5/10): wine-ldap-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 87 kB 00:09

(6/10): wine-jack-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 37 kB 00:05

(7/10): wine-nas-0.9.57-1 100% |=========================| 23 kB 00:02

(8/10): wine-capi-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 25 kB 00:09

(9/10): wine-tools-0.9.57 100% |=========================| 642 kB 01:38

(10/10): wine-esd-0.9.57- 100% |=========================| 35 kB 00:07

warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 217521f6

Importing GPG key 0x217521F6 "Fedora EPEL <epel@fedoraproject.org>"

Running Transaction Test

Finished Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

Installing: wine-core ####################### [ 1/10]

Installing: wine-twain ####################### [ 2/10]

Installing: wine-cms ####################### [ 3/10]

Installing: wine-ldap ####################### [ 4/10]

Installing: wine-jack ####################### [ 5/10]

Installing: wine-nas ####################### [ 6/10]

Installing: wine-capi ####################### [ 7/10]

Installing: wine-tools ####################### [ 8/10]

Installing: wine-esd ####################### [ 9/10]

Installing: wine ####################### [10/10]

 

Installed: wine.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5

Dependency Installed: wine-capi.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-cms.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-core.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-esd.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-jack.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-ldap.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-nas.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-tools.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5 wine-twain.i386 0:0.9.57-1.el5

Complete!

[root@localhost sunilp]# wine

Usage: wine PROGRAM [ARGUMENTS...] Run the specified program

wine --help Display this help and exit

wine --version Output version information and exit

 

 

 

 

 

NOW ENJOY........ :D

Link to post
Share on other sites
Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

×
×
  • Create New...